Scale economy is mold manufacturing enterprises facing the serious problem
Scale economic problem "is some considerable size of the domestic manufacturing enterprises die facing a serious problem, the expansion of these enterprises to bring about a series of production problems, thereby restricting their further development. How to" non-economic scale "Has become the face of these enterprises are facing an urgent need to resolve the issue.
Multi-factors offset mold makers profits
According to my understanding, has a history of more than 30 years creating the mold of key enterprises, has developed rapidly in recent years, the level of technology is leading the country, but profitability has been not very good. More than 1,000 sets of production, extrusion die, the output value of only one year on the yuan, profits and even fewer, or even die than use them to the output value and profits of SMEs. We not only could not understand, said the mold of high value-added technology to achieve 60 percent to 70 percent more than a pile of iron lump can sell cars on the price, which is more than good trading ah, how not to make money » Indeed, the added value of single-die sets very high indeed, but not die daily consumer goods, not with a lot of production specifications, with a single, small quantities of the characteristics of the product and mold precision and high technical requirements, the production and processing In the course of the special needs of many high-precision equipment, with professional skills need a lot of research and development, design and technical workers, these must be included in the cost of production. Therefore, most of the profits of manufacturers die by equipment depreciation, wages and services offset by the cost.
"Scale economy" constraining the development of plants die
The last of the mold manufacturing operations basically be seen as a main unit to provide technical support and product upgrading of the subsidiary products. In fact, some major household appliances or automobiles enterprises so far still retains its factory die, they die is open regardless of costs, because it's a cost they will recover from the products. And manufacturers in order to maintain brand differentiation characteristics, under normal circumstances not to die processing profits.
Die professional production enterprises will not be able to do so, he should die to make money, what kind of orders are likely to die this way, enterprises are facing a problem of differences. Many enterprises have done for many years and die, but not a guarantee that every success will die. Sometimes, even if just in front of a cause of the mold, again behind the same mold can not guarantee 100 percent success. Why is it » Because mold forming mold itself apart from technical factors, but also related to many factors, such as equipment performance, performance materials, process conditions, temperature, pressure, the production environment, and many other factors have affected molding effect. There is also a product of mold, is difficult to process control, is basically can only do a good job after passing the test, but once failed, the loss has been irreparable.
In addition, there is a mold enterprises biggest headache is the question of delivery problems. Customer orders can not be in accordance with a balanced ratio of the enterprises, often a product of the good prices, many manufacturers have Zhengzhe a mold, the due date reminders very tight, because die one day earlier on-line products will one day earlier Listing, which manufacturers to mould the scheduling difficulties. There are many enterprises in order to expand the market to buy equipment, strokes, to expand the scale of production, but in practice found that productivity can not always meet market demand, because you are a single product, you can not do some inventory in advance, you continue to give Provide services, solve the problem, so on a non-stop to buy equipment, expand the cycle of specifications. As a result, increasing the scale of production, mold factory's profit is getting lower and lower, "the economy of scale" effect in many plants die fully exposed.
The multi-led force to solve the problem
Die plant to solve the "scale of economic" issues, only on government, society, associations, enterprises, the joint efforts between users can be achieved relatively good results.
First, the Government should strengthen the industrial layout and industry guidance and policy to those committed to the innovative practice of national enterprises to mold the appropriate support and encouragement. Throughout the relevant functional departments can use macro-control means, in accordance with local economic characteristics and natural resources conditions, some obvious advantages of the mold manufacturing resources to regional integration, policy guidance from the industry members to the industrial park, a brand and gather effect at the same time , Strengthen management, standardize operations, expand cooperation, and a complementary pattern of development. For those committed to independent innovation, product research and development to continue to die of import substitution enterprises should increase support for funding; greater impact on the national economy and to a large extent dependent on imports of production technology to increase mold policy concessions to attract More capital and talent into the industry fields.
The second is a strategic choice for enterprises. Enterprises should selective, in order. Mold itself is varied, everything can not be done, you can elect one of the two comparison line die to do. Secondly, in the selected die inside, nor capabilities will be pro-Gong, engage in small but complete the model, which should be out of the sub-processes, such as material handling, rough, standard parts, surface treatment and so on-out, full The use of social production of large-scale enterprises to share the cost of production. Third, enterprises should control their own over-expansion of the "ambition" and can not blind expansion, it is necessary to adhere to acting according to our capability, seriously distinction between their own customers structure and product mix and take the professional and quality and efficiency of the road to development.
Third, the industry should accelerate the integration of resources. Trade associations and service functions to strengthen management, to develop the technical standards and constantly updated sound, we must strengthen self-regulate, can specify a number of demonstration enterprises, including manufacturers and material suppliers, the annual assessment, implementation of dynamic management. For those seeking no progress, and disturb the market order, Chanzashijia to be included in the blacklist, the ultimate removal. In addition, trade associations to set up an Innovation Fund, jointly funded by members of the Association, each year engage in several projects, from the Association of matchmaking, in the same industry's technical cooperation, solve some common problems in basic research, scientific research institutes can also be linked to the tender , A number of innovative projects to solve the problem.
The fourth is to increase the intensity of enterprises for independent innovation, quality and economic returns follow the path of development. The first is to establish the production of information management platform, relying on ERP systems create flexible manufacturing platform, in theory, can be solved a single production problems, although some units practical effect is not very good, but the materials ready, reducing inventory and Scheduling is helpful. The second is to debug the development of simulation technology, so that we create in the design of the mold when it can to ensure that basic truth to reproduce the molding die situation, so as to control defects in the processing before. Further research and development projects should be strengthened to enhance the ability of independent innovation and speed up the improvement of our manufacturing level. Finally to strengthen the training of qualified personnel. Not only is the R & D staff, the contingent of skilled workers to improve their theoretical knowledge. Now enterprises is the lack of talent, we know how to market technology, but also at the scene for the user to solve the problem. Suggest that the Government, associations, enterprises should strengthen the training of personnel die, colleges and universities to set up more professional mold, the community set up various training courses, mentoring enterprises adhere to carry out activities in various ways to improve the processing personnel die of the overall innovation capability .